Ocean Matters

Industrial Pollution: Causes and Effects

Starting in the 18th century and gaining popularity in the 19th century, the Industrial Revolution brought about drastic changes in the social and economic lives of humans. The benefits of the revolution are felt even today, but so are the adverse effects. The...

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Commonly Misidentified Animals

If you're like me, you love being right. Nothing makes me happier than listening to a friend or coworker say something wrong, then stepping up to rub your expanse of knowledge right in their uneducated face! This article is devoted to that feeling. Whether you have a...

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Predators

Sharks off the east coast of North America have declined precipitously in the last 15 years. The number of hammerhead sharks has dropped by 89%, threshers by 80%, great whites by 79%, oceanic whitetips by 70%, tigers by 65%, blues by 60% and makos by 40% (Baum et al....

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Pollution

Many pollution-related mechanisms degrade ecosystems and maintain them at degraded states. Some of the pollution topics are addressed below. Oil Pollution Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) Dead Zones Marine Debris...

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Ocean Change Initiative

More than 70% of out planets surface is covered by ocean. We rely on it for many things including food, transport and pleasure. However, in recent years it has undergone many changes, most of which we have influenced. Below we explore some of the aspects of ocean...

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Predation

Predators can impact ecosystems through the process of 'top-down' control, at times resulting in changes in species composition, changes in species diversity, and regime shifts. Top predators can also help stabilize ecosystems by keeping under control the effects of...

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Ecosystem-Based Management

Ecosystem-based management is dependent upon scientific research to determine the ecological interactions and processes necessary to sustain ecosystem composition, structure and function in the environments in which fish and fisheries exist. Understanding the factors...

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Exxon Valdez Oil Spill

The following article was published in the May-June 2000 issue of E-Magazine: March of 1989 was the first time I laid my eyes on Prince William Sound, Alaska. Our research team, including myself and three other marine ecologists, had arrived a few days after the Exxon...

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Fish

ORDER MYXINIFORMES             MYXINIDAE (hagfishes)                   Myxininae                   Eptatretinae CLASS CEPHALASPIDOMORPHI ORDER PETROMYZONTIFORMES             PETROMYZONTIDAE (lampreys)                   Petromyzontinae                   Geotriinae  ...

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American Crocodile

Written by: Mary Sweeters American crocodiles live in both freshwater and brackish habitats along the coast, including estuaries, lagoons, and mangrove swamps. Some populations have been found in surprising locations, including the cooling canals outside of the Turkey...

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