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While everyone has probably heard the term “nuclear energy” and likely made jokes about nuclear energy pros and cons involving extra fingers, glowing skin, or Homer Simpson, knowing what nuclear energy actually is and what it does is far less common. As far as human participation goes, nuclear energy has been around since the beginning of World War II,...
hydropower
Hydroelectric power, or hydropower, refers to using moving water to generate electricity. Water flowing downhill turns turbines that drive electric generators. Reservoirs created by dams allow operators to precisely control the rate of water flow and the amount of power produced. A release pipe called a penstock concentrates the force of the elevated water in the reservoir. As long...
Geothermal power station
Fossil fuels have been the primary source of energy for human civilization since the start of the industrial revolution. While coal, oil and natural gas still supply most of the world’s energy, growing concerns about dwindling supplies and the carbon released when these fuels are burned have spurred a search for clean, renewable energy sources. While wind and solar...
Plasma ball energy
Plasma energy is produced when fusion takes place in a controlled and magnetized environment. Plasma is the fourth state of matter, a gas in which a sufficient amount of energy is present to enable ions and electrons to coexist. Scientific evidence suggests that plasma is actually the most common state of matter in the universe, and plasmas are even...