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While everyone has probably heard the term “nuclear energy” and likely made jokes about nuclear energy pros and cons involving extra fingers, glowing skin, or Homer Simpson, knowing what nuclear energy actually is and what it does is far less common. As far as human participation goes, nuclear energy has been around since the beginning of World War II,...
hydropower
Hydroelectric power, or hydropower, refers to using moving water to generate electricity. Water flowing downhill turns turbines that drive electric generators. Reservoirs created by dams allow operators to precisely control the rate of water flow and the amount of power produced. A release pipe called a penstock concentrates the force of the elevated water in the reservoir. As long...